Home to some of the world's rarest flora and fauna, Trinidad is an eco-lovers haven.

Trinidad, a three-hour flight from Florida, is considered historically Caribbean, but geographically South American. Trinidad offers an exotic, diverse yet uniquely accessible and safe experience for the eco-traveller. Last minute limes, random music on the streets, shopping centres and the bright city lights are never more than an hours or so drive from wilderness that is intriguing and various.

Miles of extensive cloud-capped mountain ranges stand covered with dense tropical rainforest, crossed by sparkling rivers and hundreds of dramatic waterfalls. The north coast and the bridge of islands which stretch to South America are indented with deep bays of unspoiled white sandy beaches. The central plain’s natural savannahs are full of rare species. Forty square miles of mangrove swamp can be seen on the central west coast. On the East Atlantic coast, the internationally-protected freshwater wetlands of Nariva are fringed by miles of coconut plantations fronting the sandy Manzanilla and Mayaro beaches.

Since the 19th Century, scholars have known of this great diversity of species that the variety of habitats supports, and had established study stations in the Northern Range. Today, American and British scholarly societies and universities regularly send field trips to Trinidad.

Film makers and respected publications such as Attenborough, National Geographic, Discovery channel, the BBC and German television have known the unique character of Trinidad’s wilderness with its spectacular mountains and forests and its over 400 species of birds, 108 mammals, 620 butterflies, 2300 different flowering plants, including 700 orchids, as well the unique golden tree frog, endangered pawi, and such South American species as the scarlet ibis, macaw, and the red howler and white-fronted capuchin monkeys.

There are myraid other examples of flora and fauna to explore around the island and Caribbean region in tandem. For more quirky cool facts about Trinidad and Tobago, check out our sister website MACO People Trinidad.

No more articles